African American Authors

1. Maya Angelou, poet, writer, composer, actress
2. James Baldwin, American author
3. Imamu Amira Baraka, American poet, playwright, and political activist
4. Arna Bontemps, novelist
5. Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet
6. Ed Bullins, playwright
7. Charles W. Chesnutt, American author and lawyer
8. Countee Cullen, American poet
9. Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet and novelist
10. Ralph Ellison, American author
11. Charles Fuller, playwright
12. Nikki Giovanni, poet
13. Alex Haley, author
14. Jupiter Hammon, American poet
15. Lorraine Hansberry, American playwright
16. Bell Hooks, writer
17. Langston Hughes, American poet
18. Zora Neale Hurston, American writer
19. James Weldon Johnson, American author
20. Jamaica Kincaid, writer
21. Nella Larsen, American writer
22. Toni Morrison, novelist
23. Ann Lane Petry, novelist
24. Leonard Pitts, Jr., journalist, writer
25. Carl Thomas Rowan, journalist
26. John Russwurm, U.S. journalist and Liberian statesman
27. Ignatius Sancho, writer
28. Ntozke Shange, writer
29. Wallace Thurman, writer
30. Jean Toomer, writer
31. Gustavus Vassa, writer
32. Alice Walker, author
33. Ida B. Wells-Barnett, journalist, activist
34. Dorothy West, writer
35. Phillis Wheatley, American poet
36. John Edgar Wideman, writer
37. August Wilson, playwright, poet
38. Richard Wright, American author

African American Civil Rights Activists

1. Ralph Abernathy, civil rights leader
2. Ella Baker, civil rights activist
3. Amira Baraka, American poet, playwright, and political activist
4. Daisy Bates, civil rights leader
5. Julian Bond, U.S. civil rights leader
6. Stokely Carmichael, radical civil rights leader
7. Shirley Chisholm, U.S. Congresswoman
8. Kenneth B. Clark, civil rights leader
9. Eldridge Cleaver, American social activist
10. Angela Davis, political activist, author
11. Medgar Evers, civil rights leader
12. Myrlie Evers-Williams, civil rights leader
13. James Farmer, civil rights leader
14. Marcus Garvey, black nationalist leader
15. Fannie Lou (Townsend) Hamer, civil rights activist
16. Height, Dorothy, activist
17. Benjamin Hooks, American black leader
18. Charles Hamilton Houston, civil rights lawyer
19. Roy Innis, civil rights leader
20. Jesse Jackson, political leader, clergyman, and civil-rights activist
21. James Weldon Johnson, civil rights leader
22. Coretta Scott King, American civil rights leader
23. Yolanda King, civil rights leader
24. John R. Lewis, civil rights leader
25. Malcolm X, militant black leader
26. Thurgood Marshall, lawyer and Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
27. Floyd McKissick, U.S. lawyer and civil-rights leader
28. James Meredith, civil-rights leader, author
29. Kweisi Mfume, U.S. Representative and NAACP CEO
30. Benjamin Franklin Muhammad, civil-rights and religious leader
31. Elijah Muhammad, black nationalist leader
32. Huey Newton, black activist
33. Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist
34. John L. Phillips, American judge
35. Bayard Rustin, civil rights activist
36. Bobby Seale, black activist
37. Fred Shuttlesworth, civil rights activist
38. Nina Simone, civil rights activist
39. C. K. (Charles Kenzie) Steele, civil rights activist
40. Moorfield Storey, civil rights leader
41. Roy Wilkins, American social reformer and civil rights leader
42. Andrew Young, African American leader, clergyman, and public official
43. Whitney M. Young, Jr., social reformer

African-American Scientists and Inventors

1. Archibald Alphonso Alexander, design and construction engineer
2. Benjamin Banneker, American intellectual and scientist
3. Patricia Bath, American inventor
4. Edward Bouchet, physicist, chemist
5. Benjamin Bradley, inventor
6. Herman Russell Branson, physicist
7. Emmett W. Chappelle, biochemist
8. Jewel Plummer Cobb, biologist, physiologist
9. Rebecca Cole, physician
10. David Crosthwait, Jr., engineer, inventor
11. Mark Dean, American inventor
12. Martin Robinson Delany, American black leader, physician
13. Charles Richard Drew, physician
14. Clarence L. Elder, engineer and inventor
15. Philip Emeagwali, computer scientist, mathematician
16. Evan Forde, oceanographer
17. Lloyd Hall, chemist
18. Samuel Elmer Imes, chemist, physicist
19. Mae Jemison, astronaut, physician
20. Thomas L. Jennings, inventor
21. Frederick McKinley Jones, inventor
22. Percy Lavon Julian, chemist
23. Ernest Everest Just, biologist, educator
24. Lewis Howard Latimer, inventor
25. Henry Cecil Ransom McBay, chemist
26. Elijah McCoy, inventor
27. Garrett Augustus Morgan, inventor
28. Maurice F. Rabb, Jr., ophthalmologist
29. Norbert Rillieux, inventor
30. Virgil Garnett Trice, Jr., chemical engineer
31. Charles Henry Turner, entomologist
32. Sarah Breedlove "Madame C.J." Walker, inventor, entrepreneur, philanthropist
33. Daniel Hale Williams, physician
34. Granville Woods, inventor
35. Roger Arliner Young, zoologist

African-American Scholars and Educators

1. Benjamin Banneker, American intellectual and scientist
2. Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator
3. Kenneth B. Clark, American educator and psychologist
4. W. E. B. Du Bois, American author and teacher
5. John Hope Franklin, American historian
6. Marcus Garvey, American proponent of black nationalism
7. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., scholar
8. Archibald H. Grimke, African American author and crusader for black advancement
9. Richard Gordon Hatcher, law professor, politician
10. A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., prominent black federal judge and historian
11. Anita Hill, lawyer, educator, author, activist
12. Zora Neale Hurston, American writer
13. John Johnson, publisher
14. Barbara Jordan, lawyer, public official, and educator
15. Ernest Everest Just, biologist, educator
16. Maulana Karenga, scholar
17. John Mercer Langston, educator, public official, diplomat
18. Alain Locke, philosopher
19. Robert Russa Moton, educator
20. A. Philip Randolph, U.S. labor leader
21. Virginia Randolph, educator
22. Hiram R. Revels, U.S. clergyman, educator, and politician
23. Joel Elias Spingarn, educator and literary critic
24. Booker T. Washington, American educator
25. Robert C. Weaver, U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
26. Ida B. Wells-Barnett, journalist, activist
27. Cornel West, scholar
28. Walter White, American leader
29. Carter G. Woodson, U.S. historian and publisher

African-American Government Officials

1. James Armistead, American Revolution patriot
2. Tom Bradley, American politician
3. Carol Mosely Braun, U.S. senator
4. Edward Brooke, American politician
5. Ralph Bunche, U.S. government official and United Nations diplomat
6. Julia Carson, American politician
7. Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm, American politician
8. John Conyers, politician
9. Paul Cuffe, U.S. merchant, seaman, and philanthropist
10. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., American air force general
11. Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., American general
12. David Dinkins, political leader
13. Joycelyn Elders, U.S. Surgeon General
14. William H. Hastie, U.S. jurist
15. Richard Gordon Hatcher, politician, law professor
16. Benjamin Hooks, American black leader
17. Jesse Jackson, political leader, clergyman, and civil-rights activist
18. Maynard Jackson, mayor of Atlanta
19. Daniel "Chappie" James, first black U.S. Air Force general
20. Barbara Jordan, lawyer, public official, and educator
21. John Mercer Langston, public official, diplomat, educator
22. Greenbury Logan, Texan soldier
23. Thurgood Marshall, U.S. lawyer and Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
24. Floyd McKissick, U.S. lawyer and civil-rights leader
25. Kweisi Mfume, politician, NAACP leader
26. Parren Mitchell, U.S. politician
27. Eleanor Holmes Norton, lawyer and government official
28. P. B. S. Pinchback, U.S. politician
29. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., American politician and clergyman
30. Joseph Rainey, U.S. politician
31. Charles Rangel, U.S. politician
32. Hiram R. Revels, U.S. clergyman, educator, and politician
33. Myra C. Selby, attorney, Indiana jurist
34. Robert Smalls, U.S. captain in the Union navy and politician
35. Carl B. Stokes, American political leader
36. Clarence Thomas, associate justice of the U.S.. Supreme Court
37. Harold Washington, American politician
38. J. C. Watts, politician
39. Robert C. Weaver, U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
40. Andrew Young, African American leader, clergyman, and public official
41. Coleman Young, mayor of Detroit, labor organizer

African American Heroes Project